Tag Archives: gross income

Common Errors and Deficiencies with the OCF-2

An Employer’s Confirmation Form (OCF-2) is, as the name states, filled out by the employer to confirm the insured’s work history. It provides employment dates, basic income details, and information on the potential availability of other income replacement assistance (collaterals). All of this information would be used in the calculation of the Income Replacement Benefit (IRB).

It is, however, grossly deficient in outlining the information required from an employer in light of arbitration decisions over the years. Part of this is likely due to the OCF-2 having not been updated since 2004.

Deficiencies with the Form

Right off the bat, we can see this form presents a few issues as it pertains to relying on this information to calculate an IRB.

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When Are Payments for Loss of Income Deductible?

Summary: The New SABS (O. Reg. 34/10) have introduced changes which will require continued efforts on the part of an adjuster to confirm what benefits may be considered payments for loss of income, and subsequently, what will be deductible as other income replacement assistance.

Payments for loss of income which are deductible from an IRB are outlined in paragraph 3(7)(d) of the New SABS.  This paragraph is a change from the Old SABS subsection 2(9), apparently codifying previous FSCO arbitrations decisions, such as Sharma-Singh and Co-operators General (A07-000588).

For details on other income replacement assistance, we refer you to our ADS Blog.

So what changes did the New SABS bring?

Insurance Contract – The first change deals with contracts under which periodic payments of insurance are deemed to be payments for loss of income.  Specifically, payments are now deemed to be payments for loss of income “irrespective of whether the contract for the insurance provides”:

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Offsetting pre-accident employment income with self-employment losses

Summary

The Henderson-Briehl arbitration decision became the guide for calculating pre-accident income for an individual who had both employment income and self-employment losses under the Old SABS (O. Reg. 403/96). However, the New SABS (O. Reg. 34/10) appears to revert back to the methodology which was regularly used prior to that decision.  As such, from September 1, 2010, self-employment losses can offset employment income in calculating an insured’s pre-accident income.

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Bonuses and Commissions – Calculating Gross Income for IRBs

Summary: Allocate it to the date or period in which it was earned, not when it was received.

It has been our experience that these sources of income are often a source of error in the gross income calculation for income replacement benefits…both in the pre and post-accident periods.

How do I allocate this income?

Employees can receive bonuses (and commissions) in addition to their regular wages, and most often they are received after the period in which they were earned.  In general, this income should be included in the calculation of gross income as discussed in section 4 of the SABS.  However, which period to include the income in usually requires some consideration. Continue reading